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Act #5: Parlez-vous Restaurantian ?

ADJECTIVES


An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. The major differences between adjectives in French and in English concern agreement and placement. In French, an adjective is usually placed after the noun it modifies and must agree in gender and number with the noun. In English, an adjective usually comes before the noun it modifies and is invariable, that is, it does not agree.

Formation


Adjectives agree in both number and gender with the noun or pronoun they modify. For regular adjectives the masculine form is the base form to which endings are added. The feminine adjective is formed by adding an e. The plural adjective is formed by adding s. Look at at the examples below to see the of the different adjective forms.

Examples:

Il est petit. He is short.
Elle est petite.She is short.
Les hommes sont petits.The men are short.
Les femmes sont petites.The women are short.
Jeanne et Marc sont petits.Jeanne and Marc are short.
Note: the adjective takes the masculine plural when the nouns it modifies are of different genders: Jeanne et Marc sont petits.

Placement


1. After


In French, most adjectives follow the noun, unlike in English, where the adjective precedes the noun.

Examples:

Marie et Monique sont des femmes charmantes.Marie ant Monique are charming women.
Il aime le vin francais.He likes French wine.
Bernard est un serveur poli.Bernard is a polite waiter.
Ils sont intelligents.They are intelligent.

2. Before


There is a small group of adjectives, however, that normally precede the noun. These adjectives may be categorized as follows: Beauty, Age, Numbers Goodness, and Size (BANGS). Today, we’ll learn 2 common adjectives per category. Note that some have irregular forms.

Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural
beau (beautiful) belle beaux belles
joli (pretty) jolie jolis jolies
jeune (young) jeune jeunes jeunes
vieux (old) vieille vieux vieilles
premier (first) première premiers premières
deuxième (second) deuxième deuxièmes deuxièmes
bon (good) bonne bons bonnes
mauvais (bad) mauvaise mauvais mauvaises
grand (tall, big) grande grands grandes
petit (little, short, small) petite petits petites


Examples:
Le vieux restaurant va ouvrir.The old restaurant is going to open.
Qui est cette belle femme ?Who is that beautiful woman?
Il y a de bonnes boulangeries ici.There are good bakeries here.


VERBE AVOIR & IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS


In episode 2, we learned some idiomatic expressions with avoir:

avoir besoin (de) to need
avoir peur (de) to be scared (of)
avoir faim to be hungry
avoir soif to be thirsty
avoir chaud to be hot
avoir froid to be cold
avoir raison to be right
avoir tort to be wrong


Today, we’ll learn a few other useful ones:

avoir envie de + noun / + infinitif to feel like + noun, to have a desire to + infinitive
avoir hâte de + infinitif to be in a hurry to/to be anxious to + infinitive
avoir l’air de + infinitif to appear + infinitive
avoir l’habitude de + infinitif to be accustomed to + infinitive
avoir l’intention de + infinitif to intend to + infinitive
avoir l’impression que to be under the impression that
avoir rendez-vous avec to have a date/appointment with