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The Passé Composé with the auxiliary “être”

The passé composé is a tense used to express an action or a state that happened in the past. We call it “composé” because it’s composed of two parts: An auxiliary, either the auxiliary “ être” to be or the auxiliary “avoir” to have and a past participle of a verb. In this part we will only tackle the passé composé with the auxiliary “être”.

Most of the verbs form their passé composé with the auxiliary “avoir”. There are a few verbs that are used with the auxiliary “être”.

How do we know when to use the auxiliary “avoir” and when to use the auxiliary “être”? When a verb is transitive which means it needs a direct object, the

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