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Interrogative Pronouns and Adjectives: Quel, quelle, quels, quelles, lequel, laquelle, lesquels and lesquelles



Mouse-over French text fragments in blue to see English translation
singular plural
masculine quel quelle
feminine quelle quelles

The interrogative pronouns and adjectives are used to ask questions. In French, there are many interrogative pronouns and interrogative adjectives depending on the question we want to ask.

In this lesson, we will explore the following interrogative adjectives and pronouns: quel, quelle, quels, quelles, lesquels, laquelle, lesquels and lesquelles.

The “Quel” family is composed of four interrogative pronouns or adjectives: quel, quelle, quels and quelles. They mean “what” or “which” and sometimes “who”.

The “Quel” family are used to ask questions when we’re looking for an object (a person or an object) or a subject (a person or an object). When they ask a question about the identity of a person or an object, they are called “Interrogative adjectives”.

The “Quel” family as interrogative adjectives: When the “Quel” family are used as interrogative adjectives they modify the nouns that follow them. They must agree in gender and in number with the noun they modify.

Quelle langue parle-t-on au Canada ?
On parle l’anglais et le français.
Which language do they speak in Canada?
They speak English and French.


Quel homme accepterait de vivre avec elle ? Elle est odieuse!
Which man would agree to live with her? She is obnoxious!

Quelles chansons voulez-vous écouter ?
Which songs do you want to hear?

Quels pays participent à la convention ?
Which countries take part in the convention?

Quel sport pratiquez-vous ?
Which sport do you practice?

The “Quel” family as an interrogative pronoun: When used as interrogative pronouns the “Quel” family are always followed with the verb “ être”. They ask for the subject of the sentence.

Quel est le plus grand pays au monde ?
What is the biggest country in the world?

Quelles sont vos passions ?
What are your hobbies?

Quels sont les critères les plus importants pour être un bon avocat ?
What are the most important requirements to be a good a lawyer?

The “quel” family is also used in informal French, but it’s usually used in the middle of the sentence:

Vous prenez quelles chaussures ?
Which shoes do you take?

Tu habites dans quel quartier ?
Which part of the town do you live in?

Vous avez quel entraîneur cette année ?
Which coach do you have this year?

Il a choisi quels chiffres ?
Which number did he choose?

Elle a acheté quelle montre finalement ?
Which watch did she finally buy?

The Complex interrogative Pronouns: Lequel, lesquels, laquellle and lesquelles

The “Lequel” family emphasizes the meaning of choice or selection:

singular plural
masculine lequel lesquels
feminine laquelle lesquelles

Lequel des deux gagnera le match ?
Which one of the two will win the game?

Voici les photos que j’ai prises hier. Lesquelles choisis-tu ?
Here are the pictures I took the other day. Which one do you choose?

Il nous reste que deux bouteilles de vin. Laquelle prendrez-vous ?
We have only two bottles of wine left. Which one will you take?

Est-ce que tu peux me ramener les tourne-vis de la cave, s’il te plait?
Lesquels?
Ceux qui sont dans le tiroir de la table.
Can you get me the screwdrivers from the cellar please?
Which ones?
Those which are in the table drawer.